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    Japanese Lesson #8: Hiragana ぱーぽ, ゃゅょGlides

    Lesson 8: Hirgana ぱーぽ, ゃゅょGlides

    Lesson filepack: COMING SOON
    Quiz: TO BE POSTED ?
    Master Thread: Free Weekly Japanese Lessons

    Material covered in this lesson
    -------------------------------
    1. Hiragana ぱーぽ
    2. ゃゅょGlides
    3. Double consonants
    4. Vocabulary

    1. Hirgana ぱーぽ

    You've already learned about the dakuten. Well this little circly guy 。 is called a
    "maru" or a "handakuten". When writing in Japanese, we don't use periods.
    Sentences are ended with a maru.

    ex. 私はつららです。
    watashi wa tsurara desu. (I am tsurara.)

    When the same little guy appears on the upper left side of a hiragana character, it
    is called a "handakuten" and changes the sound of the characters yet again:

    は(ha) -> ぱ(pa)
    ひ(hi) -> ぴ(pi)
    ふ(fu) -> ぷ(pu)
    ひ(hi) -> ぴ(pi)
    ほ(ho -> ぽ(po)

    Only the は column takes the handakuten, so you've only got to remember five!
    Lucky you.

    * Be careful when writing your maru. In the West, we tend to begin and end
    circles at the top of the figure. But when writing in Japanese, your maru should
    begin and end at the bottom of the figure.


    2. ゃゅょGlides

    Half-sized やゆ and よ can be attatched to hiragana in the い column to create
    new sounds, called glides.

    き + ゃ =  きゃ(kya)
    き + ょ =  きょ(kyo)
    き + ゅ =  きゅ(kyu)

    し + ゃ = しゃ(sha)
    し + ょ = しゅ(shu)
    し + ゅ = しょ(sho)

    ち + ゃ = ちゃ(cha)
    ち + ょ = ちゅ(chu)
    ち + ゅ = ちょ(cho)

    に + ゃ = にゃ(nya)
    に + ょ = にゅ(nyu)
    に + ゅ = にょ(nyo)

    ひ + ゃ = ひゃ(hya)
    ひ + ょ = ひゅ(hyu)
    ひ + ゅ = ひょ(hyo)

    み + ゃ = みゃ(mya)
    み + ょ = みゅ(myu)
    み + ゅ = みょ(myo)

    り + ゃ = りゃ(rya)
    り + ょ = りゅ(ryu)
    り + ゅ = りょ(ryo)


    3. Double Consonants

    The Japanese language includes a number of double-consonants. Marked by
    a half-sized つ following the consonant to be doubled: double consonants are
    pronounced by making a short pause before the pronunciation of the the
    consonant in question.

    examples (please listen to the sound file included in this filepack)

    はぱ vs. はっぱ
    らぱ vs. らっぱ


    4. New Vocabulary

    たんぽぽ - tanpopo (noun. dandelion)
    らっぱ - rappa (noun. trumpet)
    かっぱ - kappa (noun. kappa, a Japanese water demon)
    きゅうり - kyuuri (noun. cucumber)
    きょうしつ - kyoushitsu (noun. classroom)
    きんぎょ - kingyo (noun. goldfish)
    しゃしん - shashin (noun. photograph)
    じゃんけん - janken (noun. the game of "Rock, Paper, Scissors")
    おもちゃ - omocha (noun. toy)
    ぎゅうにゅう - gyuunyuu (noun. milk)

    Cultural notes:

    かっぱ - かっぱ is a water spirit from Japanese mythology. Said to live in
    freshwater rivers and streams, the かっぱ has the shell of a turtle,
    webbed feet and holds a dish of water on his head. He can leave the water,
    but if the water in his dish dries up or spills, he loses his power. かっぱ's
    favorite food is cucumbers. That's why cucumber roll sushi is called かっぱまき
    (kappa maki).

    じゃんけん - In Japan, じゃんけん (also called じゃんけんぽん) is a sacred institution. It's
    used to decide just about everything. More amazing is how easily everyone
    is willing to go alone with the results. Even the most reluctant Japanese
    person will submit to your will if you've beat him soundly at じゃんけん.


    Worksheets To Complete:
    -----------------------
    (coming soon)


    Fun Semi-Relevant Media of the Week:
    YouTube - The Jpn Video Podcast - Hiragana ga to po - Episode 7
    YouTube - ふらかっã& #177;ー
    YouTube - Mini moni - jankenpyon
    (note: ピョン[pyon] is the sound of jumping...
    which may help to explain all the rabbits)

    Oh, and congratulations... if you've made it this far: you're done with hiragana. That's all of it!

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    Newbie shinobi tres is off to a good start
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    Re: Japanese Lesson #8: Hiragana ぱーぽ, ゃゅょGlides

    hi i am interested in knowing how far you are actually gonna go with this because i would like to learn japanese as much as possible and since i am doing all of it on my own then it would be well appreciated if i could be speaking it fluently after some time.

    but either way thanks alot atleast i have some experience with the language.

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    Otaku Marcel_C may be famous one day Marcel_C may be famous one day Marcel_C's Avatar
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    Re: Japanese Lesson #8: Hiragana ぱーぽ, ゃゅょGlides

    Ya if you do this every week I'll be here every week. Its very interesting to me and educational. Thanks for the little lesson.

    What I'm watching Right Now:

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    allxhailxlelouch (Nov 19, 2010)

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    Re: Japanese Lesson #8: Hiragana ぱーぽ, ゃゅょGlides

    yo are you done with this or is it still going on?

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