Yes Christ said that those were the two most important commandments (and they pretty much encapsulate everything else) but...
He was teaching a personal law not government laws which is what the Noahide and Mosaic Laws were, they are two different sets of standards due to the different responsibilities involved. Remember the phrase "the Law and the Prophets", the Noahide and Mosaic were the laws and Christ himself reinforced the teachings of the Prophets. Read the beatitudes and you can see more of his teachings and commandments. Maybe that is why so many people concentrate on the ten commandments or "law", they don't want to deal with the strictness of the commandments given by Christ himself.
I did say it was simplified, sometimes it can be oversimplified, that is why I also provided a link to the definition of 1st degree murder. The laws had definitions of what was and was not lawful killing. Defense, and warfare are not included in that and neither is execution. What was included was the equivalent of our:
Originally Posted by LenMiyata
In most states, first-degree murder is defined as an unlawful killing that is both willful and premeditated, meaning that it was committed after planning or "lying in wait" for the victim.They also had the addition of robbing someone being considered murder. Robbery in this case meant to steal from them in the wilderness (stealing in a city was theft) because if you took everything someone had in the wilderness at that time you had just condemned them to die.
Most states also adhere to a legal concept known as the "felony murder rule," under which a person commits first-degree murder if any death (even an accidental one) results from the commission of certain violent felonies
As for the equivalent of "unalienable rights" those are found in the Noahide Laws that were cited earlier as one of the six that came from the time of Adam.
There is also scriptural references to the standards that governments will be judged on and they are three things:
Originally Posted by Artistic Anarchy
Yes, number one is worship but these are the judgments of God we are speaking of. I would say based on those that a lot of our governments are in trouble aren't they?
- Protecting the people's right to worship.
- Protecting the people's safety.
- Protecting the people's right to own property.